Causes and treatment methods:

Dark circles around the eyes are a universal problem. There are many causes cited for the development of dark circles and they can occur as a result of ageing or even in childhood. Although there is a definite genetic predisposition to this condition, other causes can be related to allergies, for example, hay fever, sinusitis, fatigue and even certain medical conditions relating to the liver and kidney. Puffiness and swelling around the eye may also be due to or circulation of de-oxygenated blood, resulting in a dark, bruised look. These dark circles can be very unsightly and ageing. General measures to decrease dark circles around the eye can be taken. More sleep, cold compresses, lying on two or three pillows to sleep at night, taking treatment for hay fever/sinusitis, plus a general check up by your GP are recommended. Preventing UV damage to the skin around the eyes is also advisable by using creams with sun protection factor, sunglasses and hats. Finally, foundation is also useful in covering up the condition. Topical eye serums that contain a cooling gel as well as rice protein (unlike animal protein, rice protein is not an allergen and does not cause skin rashes and eye irritations), also help to stimulate drainage and condition the skin. In addition, Palmitoyl pentapeptide, found in some eye creams, is a small molecule consisting of five linked amino acids attached to a fatty acid that enhances oil-solubility for better skin penetration. Moreover, Palmitoyl pentapeptide is a precursor to collagen which stimulates key constituents of the skin matrix: collagen, elastin and glucosamnoglycans. Clinical data has revealed that Palmitoyl pentapeptide is as effective as Retinol in repairing sun-damaged skin. And best of all, it is devoid of side-effects.